The Mysteries of Andrus Veerpalu

Update: In light of recent events (as of Apr 2011) a lot of people have been visiting this post, so I thought I’d point out that I’ve updated it with a slightly more focused look at Veerpalu’s record here.

To mark last weekend’s World Cup races in Estonia, I thought a post on Andrus Veerpalu would be in order.

I’ve heard it said, from various sources, that Estonian skier Andrus Veerpalu1 has a particular ability to show up at major competitions (i.e. Olympics, World Championships) and significantly over perform, based on his results that season.  Naturally, this observation is often accompanied with little suggestive commentary on his pharmacological habits.

My interest in this has little to do with doping allegations, which I doubt I’d be able to shed any light on.  Rather, I’m intrigued by the notion of a skier that is “clutch”.  I’m borrowing that term from American baseball or basketball, where it refers to players who appear able to perform at a higher level when the stakes are higher.  In nearly every case where I’ve read a serious statistical examination of this topic in those sports, it has been found to be a figment of our collective imaginations (though this conclusion remains somewhat controversial).

I’m not going to attempt a large scale debunking of this concept in skiing at the moment, as that’s a pretty big project.  Instead, let’s focus on two particular skiers, Andrus Veerpalu and Oxana Jatskaya (KAZ).

I’ve plotted the results for each skier above (excluding this season).  I’m keeping things simple at the moment, so the y axis is simply rank, or the place they finished in a distance event.  I actually omitted some of Veerpalu’s early career so as to focus in on when he’s been the fastest.

Let’s talk about Veerpalu first.  The first thing to observe is that the guy sometimes has really crummy races, occasionally finishing as poorly as 60th or so.  Now, in that respect, Veerpalu is exactly the same as nearly every other skier out there.  Everyone from Kris Freeman to Petter Northug have some really horrible days from time to time.

But, are Veerpalu’s results at the Olympics or World Championships consistently (or even frequently) very different from his results from the rest of the season?  Let’s walk through the relevant seasons:

  • 1998: His results at Nagano were pretty much right in line with the rest of his WC results that year.
  • 1999: His best result this season was his Silver in the 50k in Ramsau, but he also had two WC top tens and was consistently in the top thirty.
  • 2001: His best and third best results came at Lahti this year, but he also had two other WC top tens, along with 2-3 ok races and one really bad one.
  • 2002: He won a Gold and Silver in SLC at a doping ridden Olympics, but also had five other top 10 WC finishes that season (which are difficult to see due to points being plotted on top of each other).
  • 2003: One of his best seasons overall; his two WSC top tens in Val di Fiemme are right in line with his performance the rest of the season.
  • 2005: His races in Oberstdorf weren’t actually his best this time and were right in line with his other WC races.
  • 2006: Again, his best race came at the Olympics in Turin, but he was consistently in the top twenty all season and four times in the top ten.
  • 2009: A Gold at WSC in Liberec, along with a lot of races right around 10th in WC and TDS events.
  • 2010: In Vancouver, Veerpalu hung on for 6th in the 50k, and that was again not much different from his WC results this past season.

So.  When Veerpalu “steps it up”, he appears to transform himself from “merely” a top ten skier to a podium finisher, but just as often Veerpalu hasn’t really over performed at major events at all.  While I’d certainly call the ability to step things up from a top ten caliber performance to a podium level performance a major achievement, it’s not something that I’d consider suspicious, at least from a statistical perspective.

How about Oxana Jatskaya?  She’s someone who wasn’t really on my radar until I started looking specifically for people who did considerably better at Olympics or World Championships than normal.  She hasn’t had as much success as Veerpalu, as her best seasons saw her just breaking into the top ten.

Our real interest, though is in the difference between her results at major competitions and regular WCs.  Not always, but in five seasons (1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2009) it seems that her WSC or OWG results display near complete separation from her WC results from the same season.  In several other years she raced at more comparable levels in both regular WC’s and at major championships.

My reason for pointing this out is absolutely not to accuse Jatskaya of anything.  There are all sorts of perfectly reasonable explanations.  My point is to show you what sort of data I think of when someone tells me that a skier regularly over performs at major events.  What I think of is something like what we’re seeing in several of Jatskaya’s seasons, and I just don’t see it in Veerpalu’s.


  1. Fun fact: Andrus Veerpalu has four children and their names all begin with the letter “A”.  His wife is named Angela.

Related posts:

  1. Career Retrospective: Claudia Nystad (Kuenzel)
  2. Gadflies & Punching Bags
  3. Most Unimproved Women: Distance
  4. Participation Rates
  5. Podium Heartbreak

About Joran


7 Responses to “The Mysteries of Andrus Veerpalu”
  1. This is bread-and-butter analysis – great, great stuff. I love Veerpalu – his results, his classic-technique form, his negative-split race strategy, even his Estonian stamp and the funny way he wears his vodka-sponsor hat up high on his head. Belying my insinuations elsewhere, I really hope he’s clean – even as I’m aware you can’t resolve that issue with statistical analysis.

    That said, two questions that may or may not be analyzable:
    1. What about comparing Veerpalu to others who medaled at particular worlds or Olympics? Does his “consistent top 20s, then a medal” pattern show up with others? Do other medalists show a narrower range of results – top 10s or 5s, then a medal?
    2. More negatively, what about comparing Veerpalu to known or highly-suspected dopers like, say, Christian Hoffman, Julia Tchepalova, or the crop of crooked Russian women from the ’02 Olympics? Do any of them show this “consistent top 20s, then a medal” pattern?

    Whether you can (or want to) answer these questions, I appreciate this excellent post.

  2. Bla Extra says:

    A comment about Oxana Jatskay:

    There is one obvious explenation why especially skiers who normally finish outside the top 30 in WC competitions often perform better in championships (Olymic Games and World Championships). I’m thinking about national quotas. In championships each nation may be represented by a maximum of 4 racers (5 including the defending champion). In WC races on the other hand, the big nations like Norway, Sweden, Finnland, Russia will show up with 8-12 racers. This means that in WC races a racer like Oxana Jatskay fights against 8-12 norwegians, 8-12 swedes etc, but in championships “only” have to fight against 4 from each country.

    • Joran says:

      True, although in Jatskaya’s case, her results in WC races (at least, from mid-career or so) are often in the top 30, so the effect of the extra national quota skiers on her will be somewhat less (theoretically). But I don’t dispute your general point. As I said, I wasn’t picking on Jatskaya, just trying to show an example of some more clear cut data than Veerpalu’s.


Check out what others are saying about this post...
  1. […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by WoXC_D, statskier. statskier said: The Mysteries of Andrus Veerpalu […]

    [WORDPRESS HASHCASH] The comment’s server IP ( doesn’t match the comment’s URL host IP ( and so is spam.

  2. […] I remember. Andrus Veerpalu appears twice in the top 30, and he’s a guy that people sometimes whisper about, but he hasn’t (to my knowledge) come under any concrete suspicion. And in any case, I have […]

  3. […] just before World Championships this year), it’s probably a good idea to revisit my old post on the subject. In that post I considered the conventional wisdom about Veerpalu that he had an uncanny ability to […]

  4. […] på har skrivit en artikel om Veerpalus resultat angående de argument många använder mot Veerpalu, att han endast åker bra på mäserskap. […]

Speak Your Mind

Tell us what you're thinking...
and oh, if you want a pic to show with your comment, go get a gravatar!